The Scientific Revolution took place during the years 1500-1700. The scientific revolution was a time when there were many changes in science and modern and new science was discovered and developed.
Scientists started to question accepted beliefs and make new theories based on experiments. People for looking for evidence and proof instead of just believing what they were told. Because of this, there were huge changes and improvements in astronomy and technology. These new ideas challenged conventional thought. Logic and reason replaced faith and age old beliefs.
The Scientific Methods was invented and this followed a number of steps, including, observation, experimentation and hypotheses, results etc. This allowed for proper experimentation and it was far more accurate. People were able to discover new things and had the evidence to support it. It was a revolution in thinking. Science changed from what people thought to what people knew, with this new supporting evidence and proof.
People were hesitant to accept these changes as these discoveries were different from what they already knew, or these new ideas were too hard for them to understand.
Here is a list of some people from the Scientific Revolution:
Robert Boyle – Discoveries in Chemistry Matter is made of different particles and his law reveals interaction of volume, temperature and gas pressure
Andreas Vesallius – Produced the first accurate and detailed study of the human anatomy
Edward Jenner –Produced the world’s first vaccination – Smallpox Vaccination
During the period before the Scientific Revolution, people believed in the Geocentric Theory. This theory stated that the moon, sun and planets revolve around the earth
However, Nicolaus Copernicus challenged this View and discovered the Heliocentric Theory. The Heliocentric Theory believed that the planets revolved around the sun and later scientists proved this to be correct. Johannes Kepler’s calculations supported Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory. He wrote the Laws of Planetary Motion.
The Catholic church did not believe that the Heliocentric Theory was true. Kepler and Copernicus faced persecution from the Catholic Church for going against what the Church said was true.
Galileo was an Italian Scientist who made very important advances in astronomy. He made discoveries about planet surfaces and was a supporter of the Heliocentric Theory. The Church attacked his works because they feared it would weaken people’s faith. The Pope forced Galileo to declare his work and other new findings wrong.